The park is about a 10 to 15 minutes boat ride away from the city ferry terminal. They gave control of North Borneo to the British Crown on 18 July 1946. Kota Kinabalu proper has a population of 579,304, while the larger urban area has an estimated population of 700,000. [87] The established Public College Tunku Abdul Rahman is in the Donggongon area. [52] The city also is home to immigrants from Indonesia. [7] The population of the city/district of Kota Kinabalu is 462,963. [41] Two prevailing monsoons characterise the climate of this part of Sabah are the Northeast Monsoon and the Southwest Monsoon. [21][61] It was built for the main purpose of transporting commodities from the Interior Division to the port in Jesselton (now Kota Kinabalu) during the period of British rule. With an area of 24 acres (9.7 ha), it is one of the few remaining patches of mangrove forest that once existed extensively along the coastal region of Kota Kinabalu. Flat land is at a premium in the city centre, and there is a strict limit to the height of buildings: the airport is 7 km (4 mi) away, and the city is directly in the flight path. In the 19th century, the British North Borneo Company (BNBC) first set up a settlement near the Gaya Island. [4] In the vicinity of the museum are the Science and Technology Centre, Sabah Art Gallery, and the Ethno Botanic Gardens. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia on Tripadvisor: See 92,296 traveler reviews and photos of Kota Kinabalu tourist attractions. [93] Today the site hosts the annual City Day celebration on 2 February, Merdeka Day celebration on 31 August, and a number of other celebrations and functions. There are currently no freeways in the city or in any other part of Sabah. It has become an annual event. Kinabalu is derived from the name Aki Nabalu meaning the "revered place of the dead." The new colonial government elected to rebuild Jesselton as the capital of North Borneo instead of Sandakan, which had also been destroyed by the war. Among the Chinese, the most commonly spoken varieties are Huiyang Hakka (Simplified Chinese: 惠阳客家话; Traditional Chinese: 惠陽客家話) and Mandarin. The city is linked by highways to other towns in Sabah. [60] There are two main bus terminals in the city centre. Interracial marriages are not uncommon and Kadazan-Chinese intermarriages are particularly common. Sourced from the Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010. A railway system formerly known as the North Borneo Railway was established in 1896 by the British North Borneo Company. [110] The weekly Gaya Street Sunday Market features a gathering of local hawkers selling a wide range of items from traditional ethnic cultural souvenirs to pets and flowers. The park's high point is 13,400-foot Mount Kinabula, Malaysia's tallest peak, a mecca for climbers. [25] The Crown Colony administration designed a plan, later known as the "Colonial Office Reconstruction and Development Plan for North Borneo: 1948–1955”, to rebuild North Borneo. The Brunei Malays and Bajau/Suluks are Muslims. In the area of Likas Bay, the remnants of an extensive mangrove forest was nearly lost. A number of industrial and manufacturing companies also have plants here, especially in the industrial districts of Likas, Kolombong, and Inanam. Queen Elizabeth Hospital II was established then after the acquisition of the former building of Sabah Medical Centre (SMC) in 2009. Kota Kinabalu has a population of 452,058 according to the 2010 census;[5] when the adjacent Penampang and Putatan districts are included, the metro area has a combined population of 628,725.[5]. Kota Kinabalu on the island of Borneo is the bustling gateway to acclaimed Kinabalu National Park. [4] The original local plant life has largely disappeared, but several hills within the city (too steep for building) are still clothed with tropical rainforest. The internal roads linking different parts of the city are generally state roads constructed and maintained by the state's Public Works Department. Jesselton was partially razed by the British during their retreat from the advancing Japanese and suffered further devastation when the Allies bombed it in 1945. Read More Kota Bharu 's 2020 population is now estimated at 347,673. [49] The Chinese are mostly Hakkas and reside mainly in the Luyang area. [6][7] Kinabalu Park is located about 90 kilometres from the city and there are many other tourist attractions in and around the city. A 6 hectare botanical garden was proposed for its campus in 2010. [112], There are six cinemas in Kota Kinabalu: 2 Golden Screen Cinemas (commonly known as GSC), MBO cinemas located at Imago Mall Kota Kinabalu Times Square, City Cineplex at City Mall, Growball Cineplex at Centre Point Mall and Megalong Cineplex at Megalong Mall. within Malaysia and internationally. Hospital Mesra Bukit Padang (Bukit Padang Mental Hospital), which opened in 1971, provides psychiatric services for the entire state. These include Imago KK Times Square, Oceanus Waterfront Mall, Karamunsing Complex, Centre Point, Wisma Merdeka, Warisan Square, Plaza Wawasan, Asia City Complex,[4] City Mall, KK Plaza, Mega Long Mall, Suria Sabah and 1Borneo, which is the largest hypermall in Kota Kinabalu. With an area of 351 square kilometres, it is the smallest but the most populous district in Sabah. There are four members of parliament (MPs) representing the four parliamentary constituencies in the city: Sepanggar (P.171), Kota Kinabalu (P.172), Putatan (P.173), Tuaran (“P.176”) and Penampang (P.174). Monsopiad Cultural Village (Kampung Monsopiad) features cultural shows related to the Kadazan-Dusun culture. Sayfol International School Sabah teaches from kindergarten to the GCE 'A' Levels, which is taken at age 18 (pre-university). The population of Kota Kinabalu is approximately 452058 The Area of Kota Kinabalu is roughly 352.24 km² (136.00 mi²) The Kota Kinabalu is an city of Malaysia in the Region Sabah of the Country Malaysia [40], Kota Kinabalu features a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with constant high temperatures, and a considerable amount of rain and high humidity throughout the course of the year. [72] Likas Stadium is the home stadium of Sabah FA, also known as SabaHawks. Police substations (Pondok Polis) are found in Luyang, Likas, Telipok and Babagon. [48] However, as almost 50% of Kota Kinabalu residents are of Chinese descent,[54] Chinese is also widely spoken. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia metro area from 1950 to 2021. Kota Kinabalu currently has sixteen sister cities: For the federal constituency represented in the Dewan Rakyat, see, City and state capital in Sabah, Malaysia, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Francis Convent, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Kota Kinabalu, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Tun Ahmadshah, List of twin towns and sister cities in Malaysia, List of tallest buildings in Kota Kinabalu, "Malaysia Elevation Map (Elevation of Kota Kinabalu)", "May 1 MALAYSIA UPDATE and NOTES ON SUFFIXES", "Population Distribution by Local Authority Areas and Mukims, 2010 (page 1 & 8)", "Tourism hub set to lift Sabah real estate", "Rapid development in Kota Kinabalu has its drawbacks", "KINABALU: Kina Balu , Aki Nabalu, or Ki Nabalu? Eventually, Jesselton became a major trading post of North Borneo, dealing in rubber, rattan, honey, and wax. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. The Sabah State Library Headquarters is located on Tasik Road Off Maktab Gaya Road while its main branch in Tanjung Aru is sandwiched between Perdana Park and the Plaza Tanjung Aru along Mat Salleh Road as the main library in the state. [68] Another court for the Sharia law were also located in the area of Sembulan.[69]. Its main campus is on a 999-acre (4.04 km2) piece of land, on a hill facing the South China Sea at Sepanggar Bay, about 10 kilometres north of the city centre. [67], The Kota Kinabalu Court Complex is located along Kebajikan Road. It has been certified by the Kota Kinabalu City Hall as a litter-free university.[86]. [97][98], Located within the Likas Bay area is the Kota Kinabalu City Bird Sanctuary. Kota Kinabalu: Dementia is becoming a household word where incidences is increasing with the rise in the ageing population. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. [82] Sayfol International School is the sister school of the established and highly successful Sayfol International School in Kuala Lumpur. Kinabalu International School (KIS) is part of the Federation of British International Schools in South and East Asia (FOBISSEA). Air and Shell. It is also the capital of the Kota Kinabalu District as well as the West Coast Division of Sabah. You can specify minimum and maximum distances up to 999 miles and you can change the distance radius to any number below this. [114] Both GSC cinemas hold eight cinema halls each. One of the major roads here is Lintas-Tuaran Bypass Road, which together serves almost as a ring road, circling the city and connecting the districts and suburbs surrounding the city, namely Putatan, Penampang, Luyang, Likas, Inanam, Menggatal, Sepanggar and Tuaran. [126], BandWidth Street Press Magazine is Kota Kinabalu's only free monthly magazine that promotes local Sabah music. Kota Kinabalu has a population of 452,058 according to the 2010 census; when the adjacent Penampang and Putatan districts are included, the metro area has a combined population of 628,725. [125] Coinciding with UNESCO's International Jazz Day celebrations in 2019, the year marks the inauguration of Sabah Jazz in Kota Kinabalu with the showcases of local jazz artists as well as from the region. [4] It is used for snorkelling. Outlying neighbourhoods and residential suburbs include Kepayan Ridge, Tanjung Aru, Petagas, Kepayan, Lido, Lintas, Nosoob, Bukit Padang, Luyang, Damai, Lok Kawi, Bukit Bendera, Kasigui, Bundusan, Likas and Kolombong. The Sabah Zoological and Botanical Park (Lok Kawi Wildlife Park) in Lok Kawi, about 20 kilometres south of the city, is the first zoo in Sabah. Kota Kinabalu (Malaysian pronunciation: [ˈkota kinaˈbalu]; formerly known as Jesselton) is the state capital of Sabah, Malaysia. It is a major tourist destination and a popular gateway for travellers visiting Sabah and Borneo. There are three public hospitals, six publics health clinic, two child and mother health clinics, six village clinics, one mobile clinic and six 1Malaysia clinics in Kota Kinabalu. [122] Kota Kinabalu has been one of the circuits for the F2 Powerboat UIM World Cup Series in December every year since 2007. Kota Bharu has grown by 4,463 since 2015, which represents a 1.30% annual change. Kota Kinabalu was granted city status in 2000. After the war, BNBC was unable to finance the high cost of reconstructions and the place was ceded to the British Crown Colony. Kota Kinabalu is the capital of the Malaysian state Sabah in East-Malaysia, which consists of the Malaysian states Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo. [107] These houses are built on shallow coastal waters and are homes for the Bajau and Suluk inhabitants.[108]. The park is a recreational spot for tourists and local people. It is situated at the place where the Kinabalu Guerrillas were killed by the Japanese army in 1944. [4], By the end of 1899, construction had started on shoplots,[20] a pier and government buildings. [30] It encompasses Tanjung Aru and Kepayan in the south, up to Telipok and Sepanggar in the north. [88] Other libraries or private libraries can be found in schools, colleges, or universities. Each user is entitled to 10GB of quota with no access time limit every day. [79], There are many government or state schools in and around the city. It is the seat of the state government where almost all of their ministries and agencies are based. In 2011, the estimated population for Kota Kinabalu was 457375. Anjung Samudra (KK Waterfront) is a waterfront entertainment spot in the city centre which features restaurants, cafes, pubs, and a nightclub. [41] The average annual rainfall is around 2,400 millimetres[42] and varies markedly throughout the year. [7] Many state-level, national-level and international commercial banks, as well as some insurance companies have their headquarters or branches here. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. It is a name said to have been given by fishermen from Gaya Island referring to the strip of land that is today's downtown Kota Kinabalu. ", "Adakah Gaya Sekadar 'Singgah mata' Untuk Pembangkang? The largest is Gaya Island, the site of the first British settlement. The city lies on a narrow flatland between the Crocker Range to the east and the South China Sea to the west. People from Sabah are called Sabahans. [21][61] Today, the railway line is known as the Western Line and managed by the Sabah State Railway, providing daily services for commuters, travellers, as well as for cargo transportation. The first phase covering the area from Tun Fuad Stephens Road to Pantai Road – Tugu Road, Lintasan Deasoka, Kg. The terms "K.K-ites"[8] and "K.K-ians" have also been used to a limited extent. United Nations - World Population Prospects, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia Metro Area Population 1950-2021, The current metro area population of Kota Kinabalu in 2021 is, The metro area population of Kota Kinabalu in 2020 was, The metro area population of Kota Kinabalu in 2019 was, The metro area population of Kota Kinabalu in 2018 was. [21] The Malay and Bajau uprisings during those times were not uncommon, and BNBC worked to quell the long-standing threat of piracy in the region. The Sabah State Mosque in Sembulan is the main mosque in the city. [93] The declaration was announced by Sabah's first Chief Minister, Tun Fuad Stephens, on 16 September 1963, also known as Malaysia Day. [42] April and May are the hottest months, while January is the coolest one. [72], On 23 September 2017, the KK City WiFi was officially announced for public and tourist use in the city with free internet access through high speed fibre via a new submarine cable connecting the West and East Malaysia. These events are normally held either at the Sabah Trade Centre or Sutera Harbour resort. Population: 452,058 Area: 351 km². However, there are still some Filipinos living in the city without proper documentation as illegal immigrants. [71] Temporary lock-ups or prison cells are found in most police stations around the city. [48], The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2010 census.[49]. Wisma Budaya Art Gallery in the city centre hosts some national as well as regional art exhibitions. Please check your download folder. Several countries have set up their consulates in Kota Kinabalu, including Australia,[128] Brunei,[129] China,[130] Czech Republic,[131] Denmark,[132] France,[133] Finland,[134] Indonesia,[135] Japan,[136] Norway,[137] Panama,[138] Romania,[139] Slovakia,[140] Spain,[141] Sweden[140] and the United Kingdom. The Double Six Monument, located in Sembulan, is also a memorial to remember Sabah's first Chief Minister and six other state ministers who died on a plane crash known as the Double Six Tragedy on 6 June 1976.[95]. Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS), founded in 1994, is the largest university in Sabah. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. Among the well-established and prestigious boarding schools in Sabah is Sekolah Menengah Sains Sabah, formally known as Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Sabah (SBPS), which is in Bukit Padang. Development in the area was started soon after that; and the place was named "Api-api" before it was renamed after Sir Charles Jessel, the vice-chairman of BNBC, as "Jesselton". Visit top-rated & … The terminal along Tun Razak Road provide bus services to different parts of the city and its outskirts, while the KK Sentral terminal provides intercity services to destinations south of the city (Papar, Beaufort, Sipitang, Limbang etc.). Most of the earlier migrants have been naturalised as Malaysian citizens. If Tuaran and Papar are included, the population is 837,694 (Metropolitan). We have reviews of the best places to see in Kota Kinabalu. The Likas Sports Complex in Kota Kinabalu provides various sporting and recreational facilities for public use. Besides Jesselton, there are also other older names for Kota Kinabalu. 2022 358,000. [35] Sepanggar island is located north of the National Park opposite Sepanggar Bay. The city is administered by the Kota Kinabalu City Hall (Dewan Bandaraya Kota Kinabalu). It is the largest urban centre in Sabah and the sixth largest in Malaysia. Kota Kinabalu is often known as KK both in Malaysia and internationally. It has one terminal[62] and is the second busiest airport in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur International Airport and is one of the main gateways into Sabah and East Malaysia. Visit top-rated & … However, some find it difficult to speak fluently due to a limited vocabulary and the general lack of usage of the English language as a conversational lingua franca among Sabahans as a whole. Please check your download folder. All five districts in the region together with the districts of Kota Belud and Ranau are within the West Coast Division of Sabah. The main religions in Kota Kinabalu are Islam and Buddhism, the first one is the main religion the Malays believe in and the second one is main for the Chinese population. Set on a 280-acre (1.1 km2) piece of land, it is arguably the largest zoo in Malaysia. In 1967, Jesselton was renamed as Kota Kinabalu, Kota being the Malay word for Fort and Kinabalu after the nearby Mount Kinabalu. The Sabah Police Contingent Headquarters is located in Kepayan. As in most other parts of Sabah, there was also a significant number of illegal immigrants from the southern Philippines - mainly from the Sulu Archipelago and Mindanao - many of whom are not included in the population statistics. [14][15] In the late 1800s, the British North Borneo Company (BNBC) began to establish colonies throughout North Borneo. 579,304, while the larger urban area has an estimated population for Kota Kinabalu as well as West. Inter-Monsoon period in October Urbanization Prospects varying levels of fluency after Mount Kinabalu `` K.K-ians '' have also increased Cultural. Libraries can be found in Luyang, Likas, Kolombong, and Nabalu is a number! 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