Fennel can be started from seed, but it’s also one of those vegetables that regrows very well from the stub that’s left over after you finish cooking with it.Keep reading to learn more about how to grow fennel … Each week during the butterfly season we will feature a host plant that we have experience with, or just find interesting! In terms of insects and infestations, slugs and snails may find your fennel plant interesting. Herb Gardens for Butterflies by Claire Hagen Dole. Fennel. The branching feathery fronds crowned by intricate yellow flowers provide valuable nectar and pollen to a wide range of butterflies, ladybugs, lacewings and other beneficial insects. Special Notes. Tags: fennel … The feathery foliage has a mild, anise-like flavor and scent. Attractive butterflies, such as the old-world swallowtail and the anise swallowtail butterfly, use fennel as a plant food. But you will also find butterflies and bees visiting fennel for the sweet nectar. Prefers full sun. Nov 13, 2016 - My parsley is attracting butterflies; what?s going on? Fennel as a herb is grown as a perennial and although closely related to the Florence Fennel which we would eat the bulb from it has differences. Fennel is only beneficial to dill, and in fact is detrimental to almost every other plant species. Sun: Full … The herb tastes of aniseed and also produces aromatic seeds. A win all around. Otherwise, fennel isn’t a great companion plant for other plants in your garden in a traditional sense. The large flower heads provide nectar for adult butterflies and are one of their preferred host herbs. Not yet at least. Keep fennel in full sun and the soil well drained. Better Know a Host Plant is a series of posts all about common to rare butterfly host plants. If you grow parsley, dill, fennel, or carrots, you may encounter a beautifully striped, colorful caterpillar chomping on the foliage. Winter growing: Fennel can be grown outdoors in mild winter regions. Moist, well-drained soil. When growing it as a host plant, follow the instructions for carrots, above. For a unique tasty addition to your meals, consider growing the fennel plant! West of the Rockies, parsleyworms are the beginnings of the anise swallowtail butterfly. I'd also say it's definitely worth growing herb fennel too - it's very graceful in flower and as well as butterflies the hoverflies love it." Fennel can really grow. My Fennel is growing really well again this year. Plant in very well-drained soil and keep a close eye on young seedlings, which grow slowly at first – their unusual bronze color can make them easy to weed out by accident! Florida Plant ID: Fennel; UF/IFAS Publications . Prefers full sun. Easy to grow I was starting in on photos of lacewings when winter hit. Special Notes. I live and play in beautiful Central Oregon where I write about urban homesteading, farm-to-table cooking, and outdoor adventuring — all that encompass a life well-lived outdoors. Bronze Fennel Plant (Foeniculum vulgare purpureum/rubrum) Quick Facts: Host plant to Black Swallowtail. Bronze Fennel and Swallowtail Butterflies About four or five years ago, I planted bronze fennel in the dye and fiber plant garden at Bramble Hill Farm . Hardy in USDA zones 4-9. The anise swallowtail is a beautiful yellow and black butterfly that especially likes the nectar of lily-of-the-Nile (Agapanthus). I didn't know it liked to be grown alone so need to keep an eye on nearby plants. What Butterflies Can I Attract to My Garden? Learn how your comment data is processed. Fennel is not only tasty in salads and other dishes but is a delicacy to growing swallowtail caterpillars. Fennel. 🙂. Its eastern version is the black swallowtail butterfly, and while the butterflies look distinctly different, their caterpillars and chrysalises are nearly identical. Fennel For the Butterflies http://t.co/IfyU29ADi0 #gardenchat. When the dill-like flowers emerge, enjoy the visiting butterflies, and collect fennel pollen if you so desire. Last year they overdid that and overgrazed the plant. What does it trap? Fennel attracts ladybugs, syrphid fly, and tachinid fly and repels aphids. Container growing: Common fennel will grow easily in a container. We may receive a commission when you buy something through one of our links. Parsley, fennel, oregano, and mint will make sure you are contributing food for butterflies and caterpillars to see all life stages. Fennel can also be grown as an ornamental. Ben Vanheems on Wednesday 16 August 2017 "Hello, I love eating raw fennel and this year bought some seedlings for the first time. Garden Betty independently selects products to feature on this site. Fennel leaves can be harvested as the bulb grows. Fennel-Fennel is the companion plant to dill. Space plants about 1 foot apart. Full sun, tolerates partial shade. Ben Vanheems on Wednesday 16 August 2017 "Hello, I love eating raw fennel and this year bought some seedlings for the first time. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. Harvest and Storage. Space fennel plants 4 to 12 inches apart, depending on the variety. Try growing fennel in your herb garden this spring! Swallowtail Butterfly Host Plants. 4-5 feet tall. Its feathery foliage provides nice contrast to broad-leaved plants. I especially like Florence fennel, or finocchio, a bulbing variety that gives you a vegetable, an herb, and two spices over its lifespan. Although the licorice-tasting culinary herb is primarily grown for its shoots, foliage and seeds, caterpillars, like those of the black swallowtail use it as a host plant. Fennel can be transplanted as well (it is reportedly abundant naturally in the Western states). Bronze fennel – A pretty ornamental variety that’s grown for its fronds and seeds. Fennel For the Butterflies In the back of my garden, I have a small patch of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) that grows year-round and stands five feet tall. This hungry caterpillar is eating with a voracious appetite. Several years ago, a lady from California was visiting and when she saw all the fennel growing in our garden, she says, “you need to weed that out. The fact sheet and poster set available through the Texas AgriLife Extension Service (below), is a beginners guide to selecting host plants for our most common butterfly gardening species, including the black swallowtail on parsley, dill or fennel, the gulf frittilary on passion vine, and monarch butterfly on milkweeds. It also serves as a host plant for the caterpillars of black swallowtail butterflies. I didn't know it liked to be grown alone so need to keep an eye on nearby plants. Common Name: Fennel. Marty Ashton-Thomas liked this on Facebook. Readily re-seeds. Choose a fennel variety. They were … Just keep in mind as the caterpillar matures, it will be munching on the host plant as its food source. This gorgeous feathery looking herb stands up to 6 feet tall and has an aromatic scent. Also, it can inhibit the growth of tomatoes and beans, so avoid planting them near either of those crops. One of the most amazing things about bronze fennel is that it is a host plant for swallowtail butterflies. You just want the caterpillars to be happy and turn into butterflies. Fennel can also be grown as an ornamental. It seems that almost all butterflies enjoy dill and fennel; as both a nectar source and a host plant. The leaves will grow back. As it turns out Bronze fennel is one of the favorite host plants for Swallowtail butterflies and while in their caterpillar phase they love feasting on fennel. Perennial herb. Fennel is known to attract bees, butterflies and birds. The flowers are great for attracting pollinators, especially butterflies. I also discovered that aphids like the fennel and that attracts ladybugs. It also serves as a host plant for the caterpillars of black swallowtail butterflies. Moist, well-drained soil. Fennel's bright yellow flowerheads are rich in nectar and pollen – food for mining bees, yellow-faced bees, bumblebees and honeybees. Plant it in a sunny spot at the back of a border. For more details on growing dill and parsley: Six Easy-to-Grow Herbs. Fennel will attract the entire life cycle of the black swallowtail butterfly. Butterflies have specific needs that can be easily incorporated into any garden. Parsley is a butterflyfriendly plant, and is especially beneficial for attracting swallowtails. A tall-growing hardy perennial, Valeriana officinalis produces clusters of sweetly-scented pale pink flowers from mid- to late-summer. Spreads 2-3 feet horizontally. The good news is that … I planted a small six pack, thinking that it would be a one-season plant, in the same way that one might buy marigolds or basil. Since swallowtail butterflies lay their eggs on any member of the Apiaceae family, you might occasionally find them on your carrots or parsley as well. Butterfly Host Plants Be prepared for heavy munching on your host plants! Fennel and dill are virtually a must for anyone planting an edible butterfly garden. The Black Swallowtail and the Anise Swallowtail use fennel as host plants, along with parsley, dill, rue, queen anne’s lace, and carrot. are host plants for the Black Swallowtail caterpillars. Cons of Growing Florence Fennel. You can harvest fennel leaves anytime during the growing season – the more you trim it, the bushier it will become, leading to more and bigger harvests for you. It will host eggs, caterpillars and the chrysalis. I'm a plant lover, passionate road-tripper, and cookbook author whose expert advice and bestselling books have been featured in TIME, Outside, HGTV, and Food & Wine. Similar in taste to licorice, it’s especially common in fish dishes. Title: Growing Herbs for Butterflies Author: Cindy Meredith Subject: Here are a few herbs that will attract butterflies to your garden. Colorful blue-green, and copper-bronze foliage is a beautiful contrast with the green foliage and bright colors of summer annuals. The fennel bulb is used like a vegetable and adds nuanced flavoring to all kinds of foods such as roasted fowl, vegetables, and soups. This is a must-have plant anywhere around your home for yourself or your butterfly ‘friends’. A plant that gives butterflies shelter required for laying eggs and serves as a food source to their caterpillars is called a host plant. Fennel makes a good addition to butterfly gardens statewide when temperatures cool in fall and winter. Suitable for containers. Herbaceous perennial. I’ve never planted it but find it popping up where I removed the lawn and do my best to remove it! Check out our tips for growing, harvesting, and using fennel from your garden. Perennial herb. Laura Kassler Gaines liked this on Facebook. In the back of my garden, I have a small patch of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) that grows year-round and stands five feet tall. Yellow aromatic flowers in late summer. When growing it as a host plant, follow the instructions for carrots, above. Clusters of tiny yellow flowers bloom in summer. Hardy in zones 5-11. Fennel can grow very tall and like Dill it will have large lacy flower heads. October 11 at 7:42 pm. Herbaceous perennial. The type of fennel you choose to grow will depend on what part of the fennel plant you wish to use -- the bulb, the fronds or the seeds. Be sure to take its eventual size into account at planting time so it doesn't shade the rest of your vegetables. Fennel & Dill. Yellow aromatic flowers in late summer. The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Leave a few flowers to produce seed to keep the plant coming back in your yard. How to Make Recycled Newspaper Pots for Seed Starting, Video: Watch a Mason Bee Emerge From a Cocoon, The Superhydrophobic Surface of Nasturtium Leaves, Life in the Slow Lane: 37 States in 48 Days. This is a must-have plant anywhere around your home for yourself or your butterfly ‘friends’. Plant seeds directly in the garden after all danger of frost has passed in spring, or start them indoors six to … If you find a parsleyworm feeding where it shouldn’t be feeding, you can simply relocate it to your fennel patch and at the end of the season, you’ll still have some bulbs to harvest. All Rights Reserved. All Rights Reserved Website Design and Development by Take Notice. Lean or tie the stake to the plant's upper portion for balance. Aside from being edible and beautiful with wisps of anise fragrance wafting through the air, it also happens to be a beneficial plant that functions as a trap crop. But, the pair of aromatic herbs are particularly … The No-Waste Vegetable Cookbook is my latest book. Reply. Created Date: Fennel is usually grown as an edible herb in the food garden, but it also is used in meadow or cottage gardens as a border plant. Fennel can be invasive, but like any plant, you can grow it responsibly in your garden and treat it as an annual, if need be. It has pretty yellow flowers that bloom in July and August in umbels, small clusters that radiate from a single area on the stalk. About Us | Contact Us | Volunteer | Advertise Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Accessibility | Site Map (aka Sweet Anise) I'd also say it's definitely worth growing herb fennel too - it's very graceful in flower and as well as butterflies the hoverflies love it." The other made it to the butterfly stage. 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