Hatshepsut’s position as a powerful woman implied a special relationship with Hathor and Hatshepsut invoked her name frequently. Lion statues bounded the main ramp’s entrance. The ramp leading up to the third level, guided visitors up to yet another colonnade, lined with statues, and the temple complex’s three most notable buildings. The temple is also referred to as the Djeser-Djeseru and is built below a massive cliff at Deir el-Bahari, a complex of mortuary temples at the west bank of the River Nile. Built for the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Hatshepsut, who died in 1458 BC, the temple is located beneath the cliffs at Deir el-Bahari on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the Kings. Hatshepsut is arguably one of the most formidable women in ancient Egypt. It was a suitably lavish tomb located beneath the second courtyard employing no external flourishes to preserve the tomb’s symmetry of design. Behind the courtyard there was a colonnade with square pillars behind which there were many reliefs. Hatshepsut was the fifth Egyptian Pharaoh and the first female king in the history of the New Kingdom. Designed by Senenmut (Hatshepsut’s steward and architect), this mortuary temple closely resembles the classical Greek architecture of 1,000 years later. The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, also known as the Djeser-Djeseru (Ancient Egyptian: ḏsr ḏsrw "Holy of Holies"), is a mortuary temple of Ancient Egypt located in Upper Egypt.Built for the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Hatshepsut, who died in 1458 BC, the temple is located beneath the cliffs at Deir el-Bahari on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the Kings. Hatshepsut temple in Deir el Bahri. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut is cut into the stone of the cliff-side. Image 1: Front view of Mortuary Temple of Queen Hatshepsut The temple is located in Deir el Bahari on the west side of the Nile River. Hatshepsut began construction of her mortuary temple sometime after ascending the throne around 1479 BCE. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut and Kneeling Statue, Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut is cut into the stone of the cliff-side, done purposefully to increase the perceived power of a structure by making it seem as though it is almost a part of nature and holds the stability of the mountainside itself, we can see aspects of symmetry as well as the use of columns (Egyptians didn't know how else to hold up a roof! The Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut was known in antiquity as Djeser-Djeseru or the Holy of Holies. To better understand the ebb and flow of this vibrant civilization, Egyptologists introduced three clusters, splitting this vast period of time firstly into the Old Kingdom... https://givemehistory.com/the-temple-of-hatshepsut, 3 Kingdoms: Old, Middle & New | Ancient Egypt, Top 20 Symbols of Balance Through History, Top 23 Symbols of Water and their Meanings, Top 23 Symbols of Freedom & Liberty Throughout History, The temple is richly decorated with inscriptions, reliefs and painting, The two third level shrines, one dedicated to the solar cult the other to the Royal cult had all images of Hatshepsut replaced with images of Thutmose III. The primary function of the Egyptian mortuary temple, which was usually constructed from a pylon plan, was twofold: first, to worship the king’s patron deity during his lifetime, and, second, to worship the king himself after his death. Queen Hatshepsut's mortuary temple at Deir el Bahri is one of the most remarkable architectural achievements of ancient Egypt. 2. She ruled through the 18th Dynasty from 1490 to 1460 BCE. The Temple of Hatshepsut is not only a memorial temple that honors Queen Hatshepsut, it is also one of the greatest Egyptian architectural achievements. ), Kneeling Statue is made from granite, which is very durable, is also very large at almost nine feet tall (would impress any viewer, especially because it would be placed with a number of other large statues depicting the queen), Kneeling Statue depicts Queen Hatshepsut in a kneeling position, she was one of the only, and most powerful, female pharaohs, though we can tell that she is female, she has many male physical features:her breasts are de-emphasized, she has the classic beard of the pharaohs, and wears the royal male headdress, her masculine depiction is consistent with the upkeep of continuity and stability for Egyptian rulers (there is no word for "queen" in Egyptian--she truly saw herself as a king), different style than other Egyptian statues--her kneeling position humanizes her, and she is depicted in offering, most likely to a deity, Temple features a lengthy, colonnaded terrace, you must walk up a long ramp to enter into the temple (reminiscent of the horizon, Egyptian creation mound), temple held many statues of Hatshepsut, as well as relief depictions of her as well as the gods in the afterlife, Mortuary Temple was a funerary shrine to Queen Hatshepsut, was a place for people to go and appreciate her power by looking at all of the different statues of her, especially important because she was female, so she had to work extra hard to establish her authority, meant to help her in her journey to the afterlife, people could pray to the gods "housed" in the temple, statues impressed upon people Hatshepsut's power and piety, shows an interesting aspect to traditional Egyptian continuity, break in continuity that Hatshepsut was a female, but many aspects were kept the same--she was still depicted in the stiff, idealized form for her statue, and wore the male accoutrements of office. Ancient Egypt spanned nearly 3,000 years. He has been based in the Middle East for over a decade travelling extensively in the region, including Egypt indulging in his passion for archaeology. The first mortuary temple was built for Amenhotep I of the 18th Dynasty during the New Kingdom. She was considered the daughter of a very powerful god in Egypt and ruled for about two decades in the image of a man as the Egyptians didn’t allow women to be the ruler of the country. One of the signature actions expected of every Egyptian pharaoh was the commissioning of monumental construction projects. its stones are clean and bright, located on the west bank of the Luxor Nile, it ranks with the most beautiful buildings in the world.. As reigns in the regency of Egypt, Hatshepsut inaugurated constructive projects that far … Discover secret-built mortuary temple of Hatshepsut Facts, architecture, inside, plan, location and more. 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